Zero Carbon Cumbria - Carbon reduction action across the county.

Pathway to Net Zero –


Changes that we make to adapt to life in a changing climate, for example flood defences.


Planting trees in areas that have no tree cover – creating forests and reducing carbon dioxide emissions.

Baseline emissions

The amount of carbon emissions measured in 2019, which can be referenced to or measured against.

Climate justice

A concept that looks to address the division, fair sharing and equitable distribution of the benefits and impacts of climate change, alongside the responsibilities to deal with climate change.

Carbon credits

A way of trading greenhouse gas emissions by supporting projects that reduce, avoid, and or remove emissions.

Carbon budget

The maximum amount of carbon emissions which can be emitted to be in line with the Paris Agreement and limiting temperatures to below 2oC

Carbon offsetting

An activity that compensates for the emission of greenhouse gases by reducing emissions elsewhere. 

Carbon sequestration

A process that stores carbon dioxide – for example within plants and soils. There are technological methods as well, but these are less common. 

Circular economy

An economic system where materials are never wasted, but kept in circulation through reuse or repair, recycling or composting.


Positive impacts associated with taking action to reduce emissions.

Climate change

The long term (decades or longer) change in climate patterns.

Climate crisis

The situation where urgent action is needed to reduce or stop climate change, to prevent irreversible impacts to the economy, society and natural environments.

Common lands

Land owned either by a collective or an individual which has common rights, such as allowing livestock to graze on it or public access rights.


Carbon Dioxide equivalent – this is a way of measuring the impact of the different greenhouse gases has on the climate by comparing it to to the impact of Carbon Dioxide.


The reduction of carbon emissions by interventions aimed at eliminating, reducing, substituting, and neutralising emissions


Electric Vehicle – an electric vehicle runs fully or partially on electricity. 

Greenhouse gases

Atmospheric gas emitted from all activities that involve burning of fossil fuels. These accumulate in the atmosphere and trap heat from the Earth’s surface, increasing warming (known as the greenhouse effect).

Just transition

Maximising the social and economic opportunities of taking net zero action, while minimising and managing any challenges.

Low-carbon travel

Methods of travelling associated with lower emissions.


Acting to reduce climate change, for example by reducing the amount of CO2e we produce, or capturing emissions. 


Unit representing the amount of greenhouse gasses emitted during a given period, measured in million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.

Net zero

The point when carbon emissions being emitted into the atmosphere are balanced with their removal, meaning there is no overall addition to atmospheric levels.

Regenerative farming techniques

A farming system that prioritises reducing the impact of production on the land by actively improving the health of the soil. 


An arrangement where a passenger travels in a private vehicle driven by it’s owner for a fee, or free. These are often arranged via a variety of apps.  

Spatial Planning

A planning arrangement that takes into account competing claims and uses, such as f from councils, private ownership and community.